COP 22: Implementing the Paris Agreement
WFP attended the annual global climate negotiations, held in Marrakech, Morocco from 7th to 18th November, 2016. During this 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP22) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), governments discussed the implementation plan of the Paris Agreement, which came into force on November 4th 2016. Some of the key areas of focus at COP22 include:
• Defining a global roadmap for the Paris Agreement to ensure emissions remain well-below the 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C;
• Discussing how science should contribute to the achievement of purpose and long-term goals of the Agreement;
• Formalising a schedule and plan for climate finance, including how this can fast track adaptation and resilience;
• Improving capacity building and engagement from the private sector; and
• Adopting a new 5-year workplan for loss and damage.
An overview of the COP22 agenda can be found here.
What was WFP doing at COP22?
WFP participated at COP22 with delegates from the Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes Unit (OSZIR), the Regional Bureau Cairo (RBC) and Bangladesh Country Office. In addition to following the policy discussions, WFP was very active with its participation in 12 different side-events and discussion forums, and with advocacy efforts through a major social media campaign, op ed, and sharing information with delegates at the Zero Hunger booth. WFP was involved in a number of advocacy efforts to highlight the impacts of climate change on hunger and innovations to help vulnerable communities adapt, and provided technical inputs on loss and damage, adaptation, climate finance, agriculture and food security. WFP’s focus remains on ensuring the food security needs of those communities and countries most vulnerable to climate change are being addressed.WFP participated in COP through a number of activities including:
Joint exhibit on food security and agriculture
Together with FAO and IFAD, WFP hosted a booth on food security and agriculture as part of the UN Exhibit in Marrakech. This acted as a place where COP22 delegates can seek technical advice on the topic of food security and agriculture.
Sharing of publications
WFP shared a variety of information on the impacts of climate change on food security and nutrition through the joint exhibit. To help make COP22 paperless, this included the use of new Poken technology for sharing publications electronically, as well as the UNFCCC’s virtual library of publications. A summary of WFP’s latest publications is also presented in this postcard and below:
o The impacts of climate change on hunger: see our Two minutes on Climate Change and Hunger fact sheet, Climate Change Infographic, and Food insecurity and Climate Change Map. We also have a more detailed report on the Climate Impacts on Food Security and Nutrition. You can also check out the impacts of El Niño and Food Security, and how disaster risk reduction affects hunger.
o WFP innovations: find information on our Food Security Climate Resilience Facility (FoodSECuRE) with the fact sheet and animated video; the Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) with the fact sheet and animated video; Climate Services with fact sheet and animated video; and the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) programme with fact sheet and infographic.
o Climate analyses: Thanks to the Climate Adaptation Management and Innovation Initiative (C-ADAPT) initiative, WFP has conducted a number of innovative climate analyses with partners, including:
- Asia: Regional study, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste
- East and West Africa: Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal
- Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia: Regional study, Kyrgyz Republic, Sudan, Tajikistan
- Globally: The Hunger and Climate Vulnerability Index
WFP participated in and supported the organization of a number of other side events at COP22, both with UN agencies and other stakeholders. These side-events include:
High – level representation:
• El Nino doesn't have to be a disaster: a blueprint for action (November 14)
• InsuResilience delivers! – Joint Action on Climate Risk Insurance (November 14)
Co-leaders: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany (BMZ), European Commission, DG International Cooperation and Development – Europe Aid (DEVCO) Unit C6 – Sustainable Energy and Climate Change, and the Department for International Development (DFID).
• Climate Services for Africa (November 15)
Co-leads: WMO, UNESCO, EC, NRC, ECMWF, WFP and the Directorate General for Research and Innovation of the EU Commission (DG RTD)
• SDG 17: Delivering the Paris Promise – Making Climate Finance Matter in Marrakech (November 15)
Co-leads: FAO, IFAD, WFP, WBG
Contributing: WMO, FAO, UN-OHRLLS, UNCDF, UNDP, WTO
• SDG 2: Zero hunger under a changing climate (November 16)
Co-leads: FAO, IFAD, WFP, WBG
Contributing: WMO, ECLAC, UN-OHRLLS, UNDP, OHCHR
Technical side events:
• UNFCCC – Nairobi Work Programme: Impacts of climate change on human health (November 9)
Organiser: UNFCCC through the Nairobi Work Programme
• SDG 17: Science for informed mitigation and adaptation choices (November 11)
Co-leads: WMO, IAEA, FAO, WFP
Contributing: UN-OHRLLS, UNCDF, IOC-UNESCO, UNEP, UNU, UNDP
• Loss and Damage Due to Climate Change: Understanding Values, Vulnerability and Livelihood Security (November 12)
Co- leaders: the University of Western Australia, University of Leeds, University of Cape Town and Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS)
• SDG 1: Community-level adaptation practices to reduce disaster risk, build resilience and end poverty (November 14)
Co-leads: WFP as lead, with support from UNISDR, OHCHR, WBG, UNDP, UN-Women
Contributing: WMO, FAO, UNCTAD, UNU, UN-Habitat, UN-OHRLLS, UNICEF, UNESCO
• The status of COP22 negotiations (November 15)
Organiser: Italian Climate Network
• Building good climate services for adaptation: Insights from developed and developing countries (November 16)
Organiser: Stockholm Environment Institute
• SDG 7: Meeting the 2°C challenge: Nexus of Innovation and Clean Energy (November 17)
Co-leads: UNIDO, IAEA, SE4ALL, UNEP, UNECE
Contributors: WMO, FAO, UNU, UNDP, UN-OHRLLS, UNCDF, UN-Habitat, WFP, UNESCO, WHO, UNICEF, WBG