Climate Services Action For Africa
Many of the food insecure people which WFP assists every year are directly affected by climate disasters such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes. Climate change will make this worse.
Timely climate information can improve planning and policy to reduce people's vulnerability to climate shocks.
WFP and its partners are working to improve climate services for food security early warning and for smallholder farmers and pastoralists.
The Climate Services For Action Africa Project
The Climate Services for Action Africa Project in Tanzania and Malawi is part of the Global Framework For Climate Service (GFCS). It is a multi-partner pilot to provide improved weather and climate information to help better manage the climate risks to health and food security.
It is jointly implemented by WFP, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and several research institutions that include the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO) and the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI).
Through this project, WFP is providing tailored weather and climate information to smallholder farmer and pastoralists to help them enhance their agricultural or livestock production – through radio, cell phones, and extension workers, amongst others. The pilots in Malawi and Tanzania will serve as models for how different organisations can work together to design and implement comprehensive climate services in the humanitarian and development sectors.
Within this project, WFP’s focus is on strengthening the use of climate and weather information to support food security and nutrition at three levels:
- Globally - by strengthening WFP’s institutional engagement in climate services with the GFCS;
- Nationally - by strengthening the national food security early warning systems in Malawi, Tanzania and Ethiopia and;
- Community-level - by giving vulnerable farmers and households direct access to tailored weather and climate information to help them enhance their agricultural or livestock production, as well as inform other livelihood decisions – including decisions related to health, migration and disaster risk reduction.
Activities that are currently been implemented in different countries include:
- Training of district or village agricultural extension workers (together with CCFAS) in how to access, interpret and communicate climate and weather information, to better advise vulnerable farmers and pastoralists on crop production, livestock migration and livelihoods options.
- Supporting vulnerable communities and households in taking more informed decisions by developing and delivering, in partnerships with national stakeholders, radio and/or SMS services on climate-related hazards and tailored advisories on, agro-climatic and livelihood information.
- Strengthening the WFP Community Based Participatory Planning (CBPP) methodology to identify community-level needs for climate services in Malawi.
- Generating customized local grazing maps for pastoral communities to help them identify suitable grazing areas in Ethiopia.