Southern Sudan will soon become a new country with little investment or development in basic services, infrastructure or food emergency response capabilities. The legacy of years of conflict, changes in the political and economic landscape, and the fluid security situation make the food security approach more demanding and challenging. The Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS) and the World Food Programme recognize and accept that food assistance will continue to be an important factor for protecting people who face some of the worst poverty and development indicators in the world. One tool identified to augment the agricultural logistics sector is a strategic grain reserve.
2. At the initiative of the GoSS, WFP Sudan invited IFPRI in October 2010 to jointly conduct an assessment mission and to produce a concept note about a potential strategic reserve for Southern Sudan. The mission was the opportunity to consult all potential stakeholders at government level and to meet all interested donors agencies represented in Sudan.
3. This special operation aims to construct five warehouses that would serve as strategic grain reserves to be managed by the Government of Southern Sudan in the future. The project implementation will involve building both hard infrastructure (warehousing facilities) and soft infrastructure (the institutional and human capacity to run the program). A feasibility study has recommended linking these warehouses with strategically placed satellite/primary storage depots. These will serve as the primary hard infrastructure for a Strategic Grain Reserve (SGR) program, which will have the SGR will be run with bilaterally-donated food from donor governments to the Government of Southern Sudan.
4. Two of the five central warehouses will be situated in areas of food surplus; the rest will be in areas of food deficit with a high concentration of food insecure populations. The remaining three warehouses will be located in areas where there are consistent pockets of food-insecure people. The compound premises in five strategic locations, Juba, Yambio, Wau, Rumbek and Malakal will also be supplied with appropriate processing plants, such as equipment for drying, cleaning and milling commodities, as well as administrative offices.
5. The handover strategy leading to full ownership by the Government of Southern Sudan at the end of the 3 years will involve a two-pronged approach. First, as the warehouses are being built, government officials will be trained to enable them to professionally manage the warehouses and the other food security programs linked to the SGR. The other part of the handover strategy will involve developing institutions and operational procedures that will guide the strategic reserves and related programs.
6. The project will have duration of 3 years and a total estimated cost of US$ 96,541,062.
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