This report provides the preliminary analysis of the survey that WFP Afghanistan‘s VAM unit together with a number of NGOs, undertook in July and August 2001. This survey covered the entire country during this two-months period, with the exception of areas inaccessible for security reasons. This survey was conducted at two analytical levels. The first level refers to the average food security of a district. The second level goes deeper to determine variations among agro-ecological and socio-economic conditions. This shows that some specific areas can be food insecure in a district with an overall low level of food insecurity. Conversely, in districts that are classified as highly food insecure, some areas were found to enjoy reasonable food security.