This Operation has been modified and extended in time until the end of 2010 as per Budget revision 6 (see below).
Situated in remote and rugged terrain on the Pakistan border with Afghanistan, the province of Balochistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are the most poorly-developed and food-insecure regions in Pakistan, with all socio-economic indices below national averages and with literacy, health, and unemployment being particularly alarming and in need of attention.
The proposed two-year protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) draws upon assessments undertaken by WFP2, the Asian Development Bank, NGOs and the Government of Pakistan for its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) which underscore the urgent need for targeted interventions to reduce food insecurity and poverty in these areas, while addressing the health and nutrition needs of women and children, and promoting basic education.
The objectives of this PRRO will be to:
- protect livelihoods and enhance resilience to shocks through the creation of sustainable assets and the development of human resources among food-insecure populations through food for work and food for training in FATA;
- improve the nutrition and health status of children, pregnant and lactating women in Balochistan and FATA by enabling access to health services;
- increase access to education and combat short-term hunger through on-site feeding and take home rations for both girls and boys, attending primary schools in FATA.
In order to improve gender equity and improve attendance of girls in schools, edible oil will be provided as an incentive to the families of girls who attend primary and middle schools (grades 1 to 8).
The PRRO objectives are in line with the following WFP Strategic Objectives: 2, protect livelihoods in crisis situations and enhance resilience to shocks; 3, support the improved nutrition and health status of children, mothers and other vulnerable groups; and 4, support access to education and reduce gender disparity in access to education and skills training.
The PRRO will contribute to Millennium Development Goals: 1, eradicate extreme hunger and poverty; 2, achieve universal primary education; 3, promote gender equality and empower women; 4, reduce child mortality; 5, improve maternal health; and 7, ensure environmental sustainability.
Though stability is not a specific outcome of the PRRO, it is considered an important benefit of the proposed interventions that address basic needs in the border regions, thus contributing to social cohesion.
Pakistan continues to be subject to considerable socio-political, economic and environmental volatility, and in 2010 experienced its worst natural disaster in living memory to be followed yet again by torrential rain flooding in 2011....