This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 5 (see below).
Swaziland, with a population of 930,000 on 17,000 km3 faces a crisis arising from the combined effects of HIV, poverty, recurrent drought and weakened capacity to deliver basic social services. About 26 percent of the adult population is HIV-infected and 80,000 children are orphaned, mainly due to AIDS. An estimated 48 percent of the population lives at or below the poverty line. Life expectancy, at 40.9 years, is the second-lowest in the world.
The goal of this protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) is to contribute to improved food security, livelihood and productive capacity of the most vulnerable households impacted by AIDS, poverty and natural disasters. In line with government strategies, the PRRO will support, complement and catalyze the initiatives of communities, government and development partners to improve the food security and livelihoods of the vulnerable population.
Consistent with WFP’s Strategic Objectives and Millennium Development Goals 1-6, the specific objectives of this PRRO are to:
- improve household access to food and ability to manage shocks (SO2);
- increase access and adherence to treatment, care and support for people living with HIV and tuberculosis patients (SO3);
- support access to basic education and community-based care and support for orphans and vulnerable children (SO3 and SO4);
- strengthen capacity of relevant government institutions, community-based structures and other cooperating partners for needs assessment, disaster preparedness and mitigation, as well as management of food assistance programmes (SO5).
The PRRO strategies have evolved from broad-based stakeholder consultations. Technical guidance from the Regional Bureau as well as information from Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission, the National Vulnerability Assessment Committee, Community and Household Surveillance reports and the Mid-term Evaluation of the Southern Africa Regional PRRO (10310), also guided the strategic approach of this PRRO.
The PRRO will provide a foundation for long-term sustainable livelihoods as well as an enabling environment for a smooth handover of WFP assisted programmes to the Government. WFP Strategic Objectives addressed by this PRRO are “protecting livelihoods in crisis situations and enhancing
resilience to shocks” (SO2); “supporting improved nutritional health status of children, mothers and other vulnerable people” (SO3); “support access to education and reduce gender disparity in access to education and skills training” (SO4); and “strengthening the capacities of countries and regions to establish and manage food-assistance and hunger reduction programmes” (SO5).
Swaziland's annual maize harvest this year was estimated at 84,670 tons, which is a 12 percent increase compared to production during the 2009/10 season. This is largely attributed to improved rainfall performance during the 2010/2011 season, although this was also characterized by dry spells....