This budget revision to the Republic of Congo, Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO 103121 is required to extend in time the operation for six months from 1st January to 30th June 2011 as Budget Revision 11
The civil wars and instability of 1997 through 2003 increased the poverty and vulnerability of the people of the Republic of Congo. Poverty, malnutrition and HIVAIDS rates increased, while access to education declined. Starting in 2000, WFP provided emergency and recovery assistance in response to the civil war. Progress in recovery however was reduced, as security and reliable access during 2003 - 2006 was elusive, particularly in the most affected region, Pool.
]Recent events however suggest that expanding stability and durable peace are at hand. The Government is committed to a wide-ranging poverty reduction programme, which will provide the basis for the country’s sustainable recovery. The need for emergency interventions is expected to decrease and the effectiveness of WFP support for recovery will increase.
For the next two years, the most vulnerable populations of the Republic of Congo require limited emergency support, and more focused support for recovery as envisaged under this PRRO.
As part of its overall strategy, recovery activities will comprise the bulk of this PRRO’s activities (90 percent of resources) and include Food for Education (FFE), support to people affected by HIV/AIDS, and Food for Work (FFW). Food for Education (30 percent of resources) will encourage children to enrol and attend schools through an expanded school feeding programme.
For people affected by HIV/AIDS, supplementary food (28 percent of resources) will be provided to mothers and children enrolled and participating in programmes for the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) and Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
Food for Work activities (32 percent) will be provided to support vulnerable households, while enhancing their livelihoods through the rebuilding of productive assets in their communities.
The relief component to the PRRO (10 percent of resources) will support supplementary feeding to children in feeding centres, and if required, a general food ration to vulnerable groups.
Tthis activity supports WFP’s Strategic Objective 1 (to save lives in crisis situations) and to MDG 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) and MDG 4 (reduce child mortality).
As an integral part of its exit strategy, WFP will work with the Government to increase their personnel and financial input to WFP-assisted programmes and to progressively replicate these programmes so that WFP is able to undertake an effective handover of interventions. A key aspect of the phase out strategy is the increased involvement of both government and communities in funding and managing these activities.
The Republic of Congo has a young and mostly urban population with more than half of its 4.1 million inhabitants under 20 and 62.5% of the population living in cities. According to UNDP Human Development report of 2011, the Republic of Congo is counted among the middle income countries and ranks 137th on the Human Development Index....