This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 5 (see below).
Food assistance to refugees and asylum seekers has been ongoing since the first influx of Angolan refugees began in 1999. Up to 2002, some 23,000 Angolans took refuge in Namibia. The settlement also hosts refugees and asylum seekers mainly from the Great Lakes Region, with an average of 35 new caseloads arriving every month. Despite efforts on the part of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and International Organization for Migration (IOM) to repatriate these refugees and asylum seekers, some 6,500 remain in the Osire settlement.
This proposed operation is an expansion of the PRRO 10543.0 “Assistance to Refugees and Asylum Seekers Residing in Camps in Namibia”. A Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) carried out in June of 2009 recommended continuation of food assistance to refugees until the end of 2011 along with enhanced efforts to support to the Government of Namibia (GRN) in identifying and implementing durable solutions. The JAM also concluded that 61.5% (about 4,000 beneficiaries) of the population is food insecure and heavily dependent on food aid to survive, and the remainder of the settlement population would be able to manage with a reduced level of food assistance if implemented hand-in-hand with the granting of additional rights, including: increased freedom of movement, a further defined legal status and access to a broader range of basic services.
The Government of Namibia, along with UNHCR and WFP, are engaged in dialogue to identifyand implement durable solutions, including local integration and voluntary repatriation. Relief assistance will be targeted to food insecure groups, and a three-month ration will be provided to individuals being locally integrated or voluntarily repatriated. In addition, the new PRRO 200061 will continue to support a small caseload of malnourished children as well and debilitated adults through a supplementary feeding programme.
Namibia is an upper-middle-income country with perennial food deficits, recurring droughts and floods, high rates of chronic malnutrition - and one of the highest levels of HIV/AIDS in the world....