This country programme has been modified as per Budget revision 912 rom 1 January to 31 December 2011.
The country programme for Bangladesh (2007–2010) has been prepared in conformity with the guidelines of the Board and is consistent with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2006 2010) and the Poverty Reduction Strategy (2005) of the Government of Bangladesh.
It contributes to domestic strategies for poverty reduction, enhanced nutrition and reduced vulnerability to recurrent shocks.
The country programme design is based on experiences and lessons learned from the previous country programme (CP 10059) approved by the Board (WFP/EB.3/2000/7) in September 2000 for five years from 2001 to 2005 and subsequently extended to 2006.
Bangladesh is a promising Asian economy that has made impressive gains in human development indicators in the last decade. It ranks 139th of 177 countries in the 2005 United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report. As a result of policy changes and investments, poverty in Bangladesh defined as the percentage of the population below the income poverty line of US$1 per day fell from 50 to 36 percent between 1990 and 2003.
During the same period, the proportion of undernourished people declined from 35 to 30 percent, with improvements in child and maternal mortality. Nearly 50 percent of children under 5 are underweight. The country faces considerable challenges in sustaining and building on its achievements and remaining on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
Bangladesh is a low-income, food-deficit country with annual average food grain imports of 2 million mt since 1990–1991. It has the third highest number of hungry people, after India and China; an estimated 28 million ultra-poor people survive on less than 1,805 kcal per day and risk losing life and livelihood to recurrent natural disasters. This is compounded by increasing disparity in income distribution and high prevalence of malnutrition among women and children.
According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy, the main elements in the fight against poverty in Bangladesh include improving food security, tackling malnutrition, reducing disparities in income and education, reducing gender disparities and improving protection against shocks. On the basis of these priorities, the goal of this country programme is to support the Government of Bangladesh in achieving the Millennium Development Goals by improving the food security of ultra-poor households, their nutritional well-being and their livelihoods.
It addresses four of WFP’s Enabling Development Policy priorities and four of its Strategic Objectives with the following major outcomes:
- improved food consumption and enhanced livelihoods among ultra-poor households (Strategic Objective 2);
- enhanced resilience to disaster of ultra-poor people in areas with numerous recurrent shocks (Strategic Objective 2);
- improved nutrition of women, children and adolescents (Strategic Objective 3);
- increased pre-primary and primary school enrolment and attendance, reduced drop-out and enhanced learning at primary schools (Strategic Objective 4);
- enhanced capacity of the Government and partners to manage food-based programmes (Strategic Objective 5).
In line with WFP’s General Rules and policies governing resource allocations for development, the budget for consideration has been capped at US$101.6 million to cover the needs of 2,356,200 beneficiaries for four years. The budget, which is based on expected regular pledges and contributions, covers only 33 percent of the needs that WFP’s operational capacity could deal with in contributing to the national framework.
WFP will therefore seek contributions from other sources to provide an additional US$207.6 million for four years to address the needs of 5.4 million additional beneficiaries with vulnerable group development, community nutrition, food for education, food for enhancing resilience, school feeding and initiatives for orphans and vulnerable children.
Bangladesh has about 60 million people in urban and rural areas that are food insecure and not consuming the minimum daily food intake required for a healthy life....