Cambodia has achieved impressive economic growth since the mid 1990s and made solid progress in reducing national poverty. Nonetheless, the prevalence of food insecurity and undernutrition remains high, with 18 percent of the population living below the food poverty line and a chronic malnutrition rate of 40 percent among children under 5. Access to sufficient and diverse types of food remains a major concern for the most vulnerable. Yet Cambodia also faces opportunities to address these challenges: economic growth projections are optimistic, agricultural productivity is increasing and the food security policy platform is dynamic, with social protection a high national priority.
In support of government efforts to tackle food security challenges, the country programme focuses on food-based social safety nets in the sectors of education, nutrition, and productive assets/livelihoods support. These interventions will use WFP’s experience and comparative advantage to attain more sustainable food-security outcomes through high-impact activities using traditional and innovative instruments based on more durable models. In this context, WFP will make three major transitions during the course of the country programme: from recovery to development; from food aid to food assistance; and from implementing to becoming an enabler of longer-term, nationally owned food-security solutions.
The objectives of the country programme are to: i) improve the food and nutrition security of the most vulnerable households and communities in ways that build longer-term social capital and physical assets; and ii) build models and strengthen capacities that promote the development of sustainable national food security systems. These objectives are consistent with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework outcomes.
The country programme addresses WFP Strategic Objectives 2, 4 and 5.It contributes to the Cambodia Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Cambodia has achieved impressive economic growth since the mid-1990s and has made significant progress in reducing national poverty. Cambodia is ranked 138 out of 185 countries on the UNDP 2013 Human Development Index. According to the World Bank, the poverty rate decreased from 53.2 percent in 2004 to 20.5 percent in 2011....