This country programme has been modified as per Budget revision 05 (see below).
Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranked 171 of 182 countries on the Human Development Index. Although relief and recovery responses predominate in Ethiopia, WFP has worked to support resilience-based development.
Between 2003 and 2006 WFP assisted over 600 communities and over 1,000 schools to improve their natural resources and social assets base by targeting 164,000 mt of food aid to such based development.
In response to the Plan for Accelerated and Sustainable Development to End Poverty and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework, this country programme is made up of two synergistic components. Through the partnerships and land users solidarity component, Managing Environmental Resources to Enable Transitions to more Sustainable Livelihoods through Partnerships and Land Users’ Solidarity focuses on sustainable land management, pro-poor asset-generation, livelihoods and empowerment, particularly with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme.
Children in Local Development-based food for education addresses access to quality primary education and school-centred holistic development, working with the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Health Organization.
Both components evolve from best practice, with gender and HIV/AIDS issues fully integrated. A programme-wide “beyond borders” approach aims at disseminating experiences, building productive partnerships and enhancing existing results-based management systems.
Managing Environmental Resources to Enable Transitions to more Sustainable Livelihoods-PLUS will assist 610,000 beneficiaries in 500 communities and Children in Local Development-based food for education will assist 438,000 beneficiaries in the most food-insecure areas of Ethiopia each year.
The total number of beneficiaries to be assisted during the five years of the country programme is 2.2 million.The total food requirement is 230,000 mt at a food cost of US$65 million and a total cost of US$116 million. Exit strategies will be based on increased community capacities, food security and transition to cash-based development partners.
“I finally reached a safe place where I will receive shelter, food and other basic necessities”, said Nazar when he and his family just arrived in the Admazine refugee camp in North-Western Ethiopia. “For the moment, I am just happy to see other people and to meet people from my village who I haven’t seen for a while....