The proposed budget revision (BR) to the Kenya Country Programme (CP) aims to:
• Increase the CP 106680 tonnage based ODOC by US$ 1,400,755.
• Increase school meals program (SMP) beneficiaries for years 2011, 2012 and 2013 to 670,500,
627,200 and 583,500 respectively.
• Increase the commodity tonnage for years 2011-2013 by 8,224 mt in line with the proposed
beneficiary increase for SMP.
• Increase the CP DSC by $517,174 to carter for increase in staff costs in accordance with the
revised standard position costs for international staff and to accommodate the annual salary
increments for national staff.
2. The budget revision will lead to an increase the CP’s External Transport and LTSH budgets.
Kenya has registered significant progress since launching the Economic Recovery Strategy (2003–2007) in 2003. Annual gross domestic product growth increased from 0.5 percent in 2002 to 6.1 percent in 2006.
The net enrolment rate increased from 77 percent in 2002 to 87 percent in 2006, partly as a result of the introduction of free primary education in 2003.
The implementation of multi-sectoral responses to HIV/AIDS has contributed to a decline in HIV adult prevalence from 6.7 percent in 2003 to 5.1 percent in 2006.
Despite this progress, inequalities exist in access to social services and opportunities. Poverty levels are high, with 46 percent of the population living below the poverty line. There are significant regional and gender disparities in primary school enrolment and completion rates.
While the national net enrolment rate was 87 percent in 2006, in the four northeastern districts the rate was 24 percent for boys and 17 percent for girls.
About 1.2 million children remain out of school, mostly in arid lands and unplanned urban settlements. It is estimated that since 1984 more than 1.5 million people have died from AIDS-related illnesses. Currently there are 1.15 million children who have lost at least one parent, of whom 30 percent have lost both parents.
The strategic focus of this country programme is on supporting the Government in the attainment of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2 and 6.
The programme will have two components:
- support for education, targeting an annual average of 650,000 primary school children in food-insecure areas; and
- food and nutrition support for an annual average of 78,000 food-insecure beneficiaries affected by HIV/AIDS.
The country programme builds on lessons learned, including the recommendations of the 2007 evaluation.
The country programme is aligned with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2009–2013 and addresses Strategic Objectives 3 and 4 in WFP’s proposed Strategic Plan 2008–2011. Support for education will be implemented within the Kenya Education Sector Support Programme 2005–2010.
The HIV/AIDS component will be implemented within the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2006–2010 and the Kenya Joint UN Programme of Support on AIDS 2007–2012.
The components will be integrated into the national education and HIV/AIDS programmes. This will increase ownership by the Government and strengthen its capacity to take on more responsibility; it will also create more opportunities for allocation of resources.
A hand-over strategy will be defined in cooperation with the Government and will include increased private sector support and community ownership.
Through complementary partnerships, WFP will support livelihood initiatives to enable households affected by HIV/AIDS to graduate from food support.
The country programme will assist 728,000 beneficiaries over five years. The total food requirement is 166,620 mt, at a food cost of US$67 million and a total cost to WFP of US$106.3 million.
Kenya is experiencing one of the worst droughts in recent years. Northern Kenya is particularly affected and the government has declared the drought in this region a national disaster. The poor March to May 2011 long rains, coming successively after the failed October to December 2010, have greatly undermined the food security situation in the country....