This Country Programme has been modified and extended in time until 31 December 2012 as per Budget revision 1006 (see below).
Sierra Leone is at a critical stage of development after a war that exacerbated long-standing development challenges and caused unprecedented population displacement and devastation of infrastructure. Despite recovery since the end of civil war in 2002, Sierra Leone ranks 176th of 177 countries in the 2006 United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report. The spread of HIV/AIDS threatens to exacerbate poverty.
This second-generation country programme is therefore transitional: the Government is moving from an emergency footing and is unable to provide the human and budgetary resources or leadership required to carry out the country programme, which will run from 2008 to 2010, synchronized with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2008–2010) (1) on which it is based, supporting the national effort to improve health and education.
This programme will build the capacity of government institutions and district counterparts with a view to promoting government and community ownership. The objective is to provide safety net programmes to assist hungry poor households, including those affected by HIV/AIDS, to meet their education, health and nutrition needs on a sustainable basis while addressing gender imbalances.
The programme, building on the experience of the first country programme, will focus on:
- increased access to basic education and improved attendance and retention rates, particularly among girls;
- improved nutrition and health of vulnerable groups, including people living with HIV/AIDS.
This programme conforms with Strategic Objectives 3, 4 and 5 and is in line with WFP’s gender policy (2003–2007), particularly Enhanced Commitments to Women I, II, and V and with Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. The expected outcomes are linked to the 2008-2010 United Nations Development Assistance Framework priorities on education and health, including HIV/AIDS.
The country programme contributes directly to Pillar 2 promoting human development in the Government’s Poverty Reduction Strategy.
WFP will target 179,300 beneficiaries per year, of whom at least 60 percent will be women. It will concentrate on Bombali, Kambia, Koinadugu Port oko and Tonkolili districts in the Northern region, which are characterized by vulnerability and acute food insecurity, high rates of malnutrition, low access to basic education and low primary school enrolment and retention among girls, in line with the 2005 vulnerability analysis and mapping and the 2006 multiple indicator cluster survey.
The budget, which takes account of limited development resources, is US$11 million, covering the needs of 179,300 beneficiaries for three years.
Although Sierra Leone has great natural resources, the decade-long civil war severely devastated the country’s economy, destroyed infrastructure and caused large-scale human suffering....