This Country Programme (CP) builds on the Country Strategy Outline (CSO) presented to the Executive Board in October 2000. Since the CSO was presented to the Board one year ago, there has been no major change in the complex emergency situation in the country.
The Sudan continues to require large-scale humanitarian assistance, concerted moves towards peace and assistance for recovery and development. WFP is confronted with the need to deliver the greater part of its assistance to the Sudan through relief operations, while exploiting the limited opportunities available to promote recovery and encourage development.
The CP’s core component consists of two main interlinked activities: school feeding and food for work. The first of these also includes a mother and child nutritional support element. Food for work is mainly in support of improved water access in semi-arid areas, with special emphasis on increasing the food security of women. It also includes strengthening educational infrastructure in support of the school feeding component.
This core development component, while relatively modest in terms of resources, will be implemented in a flexible manner, strengthening the ties between the relief, recovery and development categories of WFP assistance to the Sudan. Eventually this approach will be reflected in the transformation of the latest in a long series of emergency operations (EMOP 10048.0—Food Assistance to Populations Affected by War and Drought) into a longer-term protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO).
This PRRO will be compatible with the development programme—the two will have shared goals, mutually supporting implementation strategies and a common approach to advocacy. In accordance with decision 1999/EB.A/2 of the Executive Board, WFP focuses its development activities on five objectives, which may be selected and combined in accordance with the specific circumstances of the recipient country.
This CP addresses primarily two of these Enabling Development policy objectives, 2 and 3, and namely:
- enable poor households to invest in human capital through education and training;
- make it possible for poor families to gain and preserve assets.
The CP includes two further development objectives, namely, to mitigate the effects of natural disasters in areas vulnerable to recurring crises of this kind, and to enable young children and expectant and nursing mothers to meet their nutritional and nutrition-related health needs.
The latter two objectives, while very important, would assume greater prominence if, in addition to the basic development budget, supplementary development resources were to be made available to WFP for the Sudan.
For the proposed Sudan Country Programme covering the period 2002–2006, the Executive Director requests that the Executive Board approve, under the development programme category and subject to the availability of resources, US$38.8 million, representing all basic direct operational costs, and to endorse US$18.4 million for supplementary resources.
This Country Programme has been modified and extended as per Budget revision 7 (see below).
Sudan is the largest country on the African continent and arguably one of the most complex....