Tuberculosis is endemic in Tajikistan, threatening the food security and livelihoods of patients and their families. It is widely recognized as a disease of poverty and is linked to labour migration, from which the remittance income to poor households constitutes half of gross domestic product. WFP support is an effective safety net for patients and families deprived of the income of their main breadwinner. Because WFP’s assistance is conditional on adherence to treatment, food is an incentive for patients to complete their treatment and avoid the risk of developing drug-resistant strains of the disease.
WFP’s main cooperating partners for tuberculosis assistance are the National Tuberculosis Control Centre, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and the Health Opportunities for People Everywhere Project. This development project builds on the achievements of a partnership alliance that has since 2007 increased cure rates, reduced death and default rates, slowed the rise of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis and reduced food insecurity in the households affected.
This project will contribute to the goals of the National Tuberculosis Programme 2010–2015 and is in line with the draft National Health Strategy 2010–2020 and the Stop TuberculosisStrategy of the World Health Organization. It is also aligned with the National Development Strategy 2007–2015 and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2010–2012. The project addresses Strategic Objectives 4 and 51and contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1 and 6;2it also supports the fourth pillar of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2010–2015 for improved access to quality basic services for the vulnerable.
Tajikistan is a land-locked, low-income, food-deficit country with a population of around 7.5 million, three quarters of whom live in rural areas. Only 7 percent of the land is arable. The rugged, mountainous terrain poses enormous challenges, especially during the winter....