This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 5 (see below).
The long-awaited election intended to unify Côte d’Ivoire after the 2002 civil crisis, but the 28 November 2010 presidential election has resulted in political turmoil causing violence and population displacement. The Independent Electoral Commission announced Alassane Ouattara, the opposition candidate, as the winner of the election. A few days later, the Constitutional Council claimed that the incumbent, Laurent Gbagbo, won the election. Both men swore themselves in as President on 4 December 2010, triggering political instability and violence.
As a result of the instability, several financial institutions blocked assistance to Côte d’Ivoire, including private bank closures, economic embargoes and suspension of development loans, exacerbating the fragile socio-economic situation.
The western, central, northern and Abidjan regions have been affected by violence and displacement, and the whole country has felt the impact of the economic and political instability. The regions of Moyen Cavally and Montagnes in the west have been the worstaffected, with ethnic violence sparked from the two military forces clashing, causing mass displacement and a humanitarian crisis. There are already around 60,000 people identified by WFP, UNICEF, UNHCR, and IOM to be in need of assistance due to displacement within the country. Refugees have also fled to neighbouring countries.
The crisis has affected the food security and economic stability. It has become difficult to transport goods throughout the country, including food and fuel, and prices of essential commodities have increased. Even before the recent crisis, high levels of food insecurity prevailed in the western regions (food insecurity prevalences between 24 percent and 30 percent). In 2010, global acute malnutrition rates in the western regions ranged from 6-8 percent, indicating a “poor” situation while rates of chronic malnutrition reach “critical”levels of over 40 percent.Côte d’Ivoire has the highest rate of HIV infection in West Africa. The prevailing volatile security situation has reduced access to food and health services,risking a rapid deterioration of food and nutrition security: assistance to the displaced populations and host communities is urgently required.
WFP is currently responding to the needs of 18,000 internally displaced persons through an immediate response emergency operation (IR-EMOP 200226) for general food distributions and these will need to continue on a larger scale in this new emergency operation (EMOP 200255). WFP has continued to provide supplementary feeding to moderately malnourished children under 5, pregnant and lactating women, and people living with HIV through the ongoing protracted relief and recovery operation 106720 “Assistance to populations affected by the Côte d’Ivoire protracted crisis”. These supplementary feeding activities would be continued by this new EMOP.
This EMOP 200255 “Emergency Assistance to Displaced Populations in Response to the Political Crisis in Côte d’Ivoire” is designed to address the food needs of 100,000 displaced persons and people in host families in the western, centre, northern and Abidjan regions through general food distributions. The EMOP will also support 23,000 children with moderate acute malnutrition, 8,000 pregnant and lactating women, and 1,500 malnourished anti-retroviral therapy clients through supplementary feeding in areas affected by the crisis. Taking into account those beneficiaries expected to receive both general food distributions and supplementary feeding rations, this EMOP targets 125,000 people for six months. The activities aim to achieve WFP Strategic Objective 1 “save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”.