This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 6 (see below).
The long delayed presidential election in Côte d’Ivoire, first conducted on 31 October 2010 and followed by a run-off on 28 November, has generated conflicting and disputed results which have destabilized an already fragile political situation and heightened tension to such a level that the prospect of violent conflict is now quite high. Against this backdrop, there are reports of food and other commodity shortages, as well as food trade disruption in the country.
Due to the Government of Liberia’s positioning vis-à-vis Côte d’Ivoire, coupled with the relative stability and a sizable international peacekeeping presence, many Ivorians have crossed the border into Liberia for fear of civil unrest. By 8 January 2011, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Liberia Refugee Repatriation and Resettlement Commission (LRRRC) had registered about 28,600 refugees. Owing to the porous state of the 500-kilometer border between both countries and the fact that people on both sides of the border generally share the same ethnicities, there could be many more persons who have simply settled among their kin and have not yet been registered. Liberia has already been hosting 6,871 refugees from earlier phases of the Côte d’Ivoire conflict who are by now generally well integrated in the host communities in Nimba, Grand Gedeh and Maryland counties.
Early December 2010, the Government in collaboration with United Nations agencies (including WFP) and other partners conducted a rapid assessment to further establish the number, condition and location of new arrivals. UNHCR reports that the average influx of refugees is between 500 and 600 individuals a day. Should this trend continue or increase, the influx could rise to approximately 50,000 refugees over the next few weeks. Consequently, the consensus of the humanitarian community in Liberia is to prepare an emergency response for 50,000 refugees.
A WFP Comprehensive Food Security and Nutrition Survey(CFSNS) in 2010 indicates that chronic food insecurity (as measured by inadequate food consumption) affects about 10 percent of resident households in Nimba and Grand Gedeh counties where refugees are arriving. The already high global acute malnutrition rates in areas of refugee origin coupled with the low levels of food production, access and consumption in host communities could result in the rapid deterioration of the food and nutrition security situation of both refugees and vulnerable host population groups, requiring that WFP be positioned to provide timely food assistance. This EMOP is designed accordingly to address the food needs of 50,000 refugees and 10,000 food-insecure and vulnerable persons in the host population during 6 months through general food distributions and targeted supplementary feeding.
Endowed with vast and varied natural resources, a large biodiversity, lush vegetation and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia has enormous potential in mining and ecotourism, as well as food and cash crop production....