This operation has been modified and extended in time until 31August 2011 as per Budget revision 7 (see below).
The main objective of Special Operation (SO) 10368.0 for Emergency Road Repair and Mine Clearance in Sudan is to improve access and increase the transport capacity of the road network in Southern Sudan, linking the South to the North and to neighbouring countries. It supports WFP’s ongoing emergency operation (EMOP) and the humanitarian effort in Southern Sudan at large, by improving and maintaining the road infrastructure to permit timely, efficient and cost-effective delivery of humanitarian services. The SO is also contributing to providing immediate visible peace dividends, facilitating the return of IDPs, reducing the cost of access to food and food production, and enhancing the transport sector and commercial activity. Since the start of the project in 2003, WFP has repaired over 2,500 km of the most important routes linking Kenya and Uganda to Juba, Rumbek, Wau and North Sudan, as well as removed over 230,000 mines and unexploded ordnance (UXO). SO activities in 2008 focused on maintaining roads rehabilitated by the project in previous years. Overall in South Sudan, the percentage of road transport versus air transport for food deliveries has increased significantly. In 2003-04, road transport accounted for about 20 percent of deliveries. In April 2005, for the first time road transport was higher than air transport, at 58 percent. Currently all humanitarian aid deliveries are transported by road. This had had huge cost saving benefits to WFP and all other humanitarian actors, which highlights the need for continuing road repair and maintenance. The SO, currently budgeted at US$252 million, has been extended through April 2009 following a request from the Government of Southern Sudan to continue road repair and demining, as well as to rehabilitate five airstrips.
Sudan is the largest country on the African continent and arguably one of the most complex....