The PRRO modality was largely relevant to the changing context of Timor-Leste, which though recovering from conflict is moving towards development. Timor-Leste is a fragile state where food security interventions must respond to acute emergencies, but chronic undernutrition affects half the population. Programme objectives cohere with WFP policies, partners’ interventions and the Government of Timor-Leste priorities. During 2008 the PRRO was generally able to meet targets for supplying food and accessing beneficiaries but during 2009 the shortfall of commodities became increasingly problematic and food deliveries were considerably below targets. Commodity shortage, the relatively high costs of logistics, limited human capacity in the new state, competition with other agencies for suitable staff, the need to import services and items, and limited number of NGO partners have restricted the efficiency of the PRRO and added to costs.