This revision is being requested for a seven-month extension in time from 1 December 2010 to 30 June 2011
Ecuador receives the largest number of Colombian refugees of any country in Latin America. This influx is a direct result of the conflict in Colombia, considered the worst humanitarian crisis in the western hemisphere in recent years.
By June 2007, 50,243 requests for asylum were registered in Ecuador. On average, it takes nine months to process a request for asylum from application to approval. During this time, the refugees are almost totally dependent on humanitarian assistance because Ecuadorian law prohibits people from seeking employment during the asylum process.
The present PRRO proposal succeeds the EMOP 10381.0, “Food assistance for the refugee population affected by the armed conflict in Colombia”. It is based on the recommendations from various EMOP monitoring reports and the final evaluation. Special studies on food insecurity and vulnerability were also commissioned and served as an input to this PRRO. All of these reports point to severe food insecurity among the group of Colombian refugees and recommend food assistance.
This PPRO will be jointly implemented with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and focus on reducing malnutrition among the refugee population. This operation is framed within the context of the Millennium Development Goals to eradicate hunger (MDG1) and improve the livelihoods of the refugee population (MDG7).
To improve the food security and livelihoods of the refugees and their host communities, an intervention strategy comprising of two components is proposed:
- A relief component which guarantees food assistance during the period when their legalization process is ongoing, until they are able to join the labour market (SO2).
- A recovery component providing access to training and income generation, targeting especially women, thus supporting the integration of refugees into host communities in close collaboration with UNHCR (SO2).
During the first year of this PRRO, an emergency food security assessment (EFSA) of the beneficiary population and host communities will take place to further evaluate the changes in their food security situation over the last few years and to measure the impact of the previous food assistance.
Ecuador, located in South America, has a population of 13 million inhabitants. Although an oil exporter, it is still one of the poorest countries in the region....