Civil strife and ethnic conflicts in neighbouring countries have resulted in a major influx of refugees into the United Republic of Tanzania, especially the northwestern Kigoma and Kagera regions. Renewed stability over the past two decades has created opportunities for the majority of these refugees to return home. The remaining 70,000 reside in Nyarugusu camp, which primarily hosts refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a small group from Burundi. Nyarugusu, in Kigoma region, is theonly remaining refugee camp in the country after the closure of Mtabila camp in 2012. The closure followed the repatriation of Burundian refugees on the basis of agreements among the Government, Burundi and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
The breathtaking beauty of Tanzania makes it easy to forget that this East African country is categorised as a least developed and low-income food deficit country with more than 40 percent of the population living in chronic food-deficit regions, where irregular rainfall causes recurring food shortages.
Poverty remains widespread, and recent figures i...