This operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 3 (see below)
Since the 1970s, the Government of the Republic of Zambia has consistently granted asylum to populations seeking refuge. Zambia is presently host to 81,000 refugees; 51,000 reside in settlements of mostly Angolans in the Western and North-Western provinces, and only Congolese in camps in the Northern and Luapula provinces. Another 25,000 refugees reside outside the camps and do not receive material assistance. WFP supports refugees hosted in camps by the Government.
This operation will support 22,000 refugees in 2010 and 16,000 in 2011. These figures will be revised pending the success of repatriation in 2010 and 2011. Requirements recognize that many refugees have attained self reliance. For example, repatriation or the provision of land for Angolan refugees from Meheba and Mayukwayukwa settlements have enabled refugee self reliance, and WFP supports only the most vulnerable refugees in these settlements. Voluntary repatriation has continued since mid 2007, though rates have decreased from 9,700 in 2008 to fewer than 2,000 in 2009.
The overall goal of the new PRRO is to meet and safeguard the basic nutritional needs of refugees by providing secure access to basic and adequate nutrition until they attain food self-sufficiency or are repatriated to their countries of origin.
Consistent with WFP strategic objectives 1 and 3, the project outcomes are to: (i) reduce or stabilize acute moderate malnutrition in the refugee camps, (ii) reduce or stabilize mortality in the refugee camps, (iii) improve food consumption during the assistance period among the refugee population, and (iv) facilitate voluntary repatriation of refugees.
WFP will procure food commodities as possible through local purchase, promoting smallscale production and infrastructure improvements in and around the refugee camps. WFP will promote the participation of female refugees in food management, distributions, income generating activities, and in other capacity-building activities. Cooperating partners will be encouraged to recruit women, especially in decision-making positions.
This PRRO will be implemented in coordination with other agencies and complement the efforts of the Government, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Zambia is ranked 150th out of 169 on the Human Development Index and has recently been reclassified as a lower middle income country by the World Bank....