Food security remains precarious in most areas of Djibouti, which are vulnerable to market and climatic shocks. Djibouti faces numerous health challenges related to poverty, malnutrition, poor hygiene practices and significantly high disparities in income distribution. The country also has someof the poorest social indicators in the world: recent surveys show that 42 percent of the country’s population lives in absolute poverty1 with the highest poverty incidence recorded in rural areas, where 83 percent live in extreme poverty.
Since 2004, there have been erratic rains and drought in all districts, which have threatened the livelihoods of the rural pastoral community. Studies further demonstrate the constant changes that have occurred in livelihoods, which are mainly influenced by recurring droughts and the impact of high global food and energy prices. A joint nutrition assessment by WFP and partners in 2007 estimated that 17 percent of children under the age of five suffer from acute malnutrition with even higher levels in vulnerable regions of the northwest, in parts of the southwest and in Djibouti city.
Under this PRRO, WFP’s response strategy includes food assistance to households recovering from drought in order to restore livelihoods and reinforce resilience to future shocks; nutrition interventions to improve the nutritional status of malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women; and support for the most vulnerable people including people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHIV), orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) and Somali refugees. The overall objectives of the PRRO include;
- i) saving lives and protecting livelihoods in crisis situations (SO1) 2,
- ii) prevent acute hunger and invest in disaster preparedness and mitigation measures (SO2),
- iii) restoring and rebuilding livelihoods of drought-affected populations (SO3), and iv) improving adherence to treatment and recovery for PLHIV and TB patients (SO4). WFP will allocate 72 percent of its resources to the relief component while 28 percent of food assistance will benefit recovery activities.
This PRRO is aligned to the Government’s food security and nutrition strategy and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2008–2012). The operation addresses Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1 to 7. The hand-over strategy is based on a long-term approach to build national capacities in food security assessment, monitoring and response to future food securityrelated shocks and through building household and community resilience through asset creation.
The 2009 UNDP Human Development Index ranked Djibouti among the ‘low human development’ countries of the world. The majority of the population lives in urban areas (70 percent) and particularly in the city of Djibouti (58 percent, of whom 60 percent are unemployed).
Djibouti has an unfavorable climate unsuited to crop production....