This EMOP has been modified as per Budget Revision 10 - (see below)
WFP proposes this budget revision to the North Africa Regional emergency operation (EMOP) 200257 “Food assistance to vulnerable populations affected by conflict” to meet continuing emergency food requirements of people affected by the ongoing crisis in Libya, both within the country and in neighbouring Tunisia and Egypt. The revision increases the total number of beneficiaries from 1,068,500 to 1,552,500 and includes an extension-in-time of three months – June to August.
North Africa is faced with a challenging transitional time. Following the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, a humanitarian crisis has been precipitated by the uprising in Libya. The unrest is threatening the food security of the most vulnerable and food-insecure people. In addition, people arriving at the border areas of Egypt and Tunisia indicated little access to food for extended periods of their travel time. The current outlook for Libya - with an expected effect on its neighbouring states, especially Egypt and Tunisia - is that the humanitarian situation is expected to deteriorate rapidly, with a potential collapse of the food supply system unless there is major and urgent external support.
There is an urgent need to extend immediate support to the vulnerable and food-insecure people in Libya, and to bolster the fragile situations in Tunisia and Egypt that are exacerbated by the additional social and economic burdens of the returnees and the refugees who have been affected by the ongoing events in Libya.
In response to the crisis in Libya, WFP plans to initially support around one million people of the most vulnerable populations in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt for a period of three months to address their food consumption gaps. However, recent reports indicate that there may be 2.7 million or more vulnerable and food-insecure people across the three countries as a result of the recent developments, if other factors de-stabilising food security and all affected groups are considered. Therefore, WFP will proceed as soon as the situation allows with in-depth food security assessments to inform future operations.
WFP intends to initially target a vulnerable population in Libya of some 600,000 people with general food distributions and other types of food and nutrition transfers in order to ensure their food security. Selection of beneficiaries will be done in consultation with partners and local community committees, while identifying those most vulnerable to food shortages and insecurity. The longer the current conflict situation continues in the country, the more likely would be an increase in vulnerability and assistance required.
Egypt is a low-income, food-deficit country, with 19.6 percent of the population – almost 14.2 million people – living below the lower poverty line, on less than US$1/day.
Stark geographical disparities exist between the region of Upper Egypt, desert areas in Sinai and the Red Sea – which are some of the country’s poorest areas...