In August 2008 a short but intense conflict erupted between Russia and Georgia over the region of South Ossetia. This caused some 138 thousand Georgians to flee their homes in the war affected zone and take refuge in Collective Centres setup by the Government in and around Tbilisi. A series of assessments were carried out to inform decisions on assistance to these internally displaced persons. Food and non-food assistance began immediately. The Government of Georgia embarked on a settlement programme to provide alternative homes and lands to those who lost access to their farms.