Severe drought has struck in Niger and the resulting food shortages have sent child malnutrition rates soaring. For any country, a child acute malnutrition rate over 15 percent is considered an emergency. In Niger, the rate is currently 16.7 for children under five. The UN World Food Programme (WFP) is responding with additional aid. Josette Sheeran, the WFP director, announced, "We’re doubling the size of our operations and ramping up already significant interventions, to take even swifter action to protect these children."