This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 16 (see below)
Over a 20-year period, conflicts in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire have resulted in political instability and refugee movements in Forest Guinea, which were exacerbated by IDP movements due to domestic problems.
Repatriation of Liberian refugees has been completed, and camps have been closed.However, their long-term presence has contributed to infrastructural damage, environmental degradation and food insecurity. Socio-economic indicators reveal an alarmingly degraded situation according to a Demographic and Health survey by the Ministry of Plan in 2005.
Recovery activities constitute the bulk of activities under the PRRO. Rehabilitation of livelihoods are the centerpiece of the project, with 51 percent of resources allocated to food-for-work and food-for-training activities; these activities support WFP Strategic Objective 2 (protecting livelihoods in crisis situations) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 1 (to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) and MDG 7 (ensure environmental sustainability).
Food for education is the second largest component with 24 percent of the resources, and it focuses particularly on areas which have been negatively impacted by refugee presence, and areas in which former refugees are being integrated; this activity supports WFP Strategic Objective 4 (support access to education and reduce gender disparity) and MDG 2 (achieve universal primary education) and MDG 3 (promote gender equality and empower women).
Food for work and school feeding will be an important support for the integrating Liberians as they build their new livelihoods.
Some 21 percent of project resources will be used to support internally displaced persons (IDPs) and remaining vorian refugees with relief assistance; this activity supports WFP Strategic Objective 1 (savings lives in crisis situations) and MDG 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) and MDG 4 (reduce child mortality).
Four percent of the resources will be dedicated to supporting HIV-affected families, and to nutritional rehabilitation; this activity supports WFP Strategic Objective 3 (support the nutrition and health status of children, mothers, and other vulnerable people) and MDG 6 (combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases), MDG 4 (reduce child mortality) and MDG 5 (improve maternal health).
Food aid support will be reduced as the recovery of the Forest Guinea region proceeds, as regional authorities and local partners begin to assume responsibility for rehabilitation activities, and as the local population and integrated refugees become self-sufficient.
A 2005 VAM study concluded that approximately 52% of households in Forest Guinea were food insecure or highly vulnerable to food insecurity. This situation could quickly deteriorate in the case of a disruption in agricultural production.
Recent crises have further aggravated the food security situation, such as the case of cessation of all economic and agricultural activity at the beginning of 2007 during a political crisis.
In line with the recommendations of the 2006 UNHCR-WFP Joint Assessment Mission, the project will assist the local integration of the residual Liberian caseload as well as local communities affected by the long presence of Liberian refugees. In accord with an April 2007 assessment/review mission, livelihoods recovery is the focus of the project, while other activities support this central theme.
UN agencies in Guinea have prioritised the Forest Guinea area and have created a joint programme to support its recovery which is to phase out in 2011. The Government of Guinea puts a high priority on Forest Guinea. All actors recognise the importance of its stability for peace in the sub region, and his project will assist the lives of the population to return to normal through rebuilding sustainable livelihoods.
Despite the abundance of natural resources in Guinea, its population endures high poverty and malnutrition rates. Since 2000, the country has experienced socio-economic adversity....