Cameroon is a least developed country and is ranked 131st out of 169 countries on the United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 2010.
Fragile political and security conditions in neighbouring countries have significantly impacted Cameroon with an influx of refugees from the Central African Republic and Chad. Presently, 82,000 Central African refugees live among the host populations in the East and Adamaoua regions and 2,600 Chadian refugees have settled in the Langui refugee camp in the North region. Since August 2007, both refugee groups have been receiving WFP food assistance through an emergency operation, which ends in December 2010.
This protracted relief and recovery operation will continue to assist these refugee groups with general food distributions and nutrition support while simultaneously rebuilding the livelihoods of the Central African refugees and host population in the East and Adamaoua regions through food-for-work and food-for-training activities.
This operation draws on the findings and recommendations from a rapid food security and livelihoods assessment of the refugees and host populations in East and Adamaoua regions in August 2010, a SMART nutrition survey of June 2010,1 a joint assessment mission of 2010 and the independent decentralized evaluation of the emergency operation107350 of March 2010.
This operation will contribute to the Millennium Development Goals 1, 3, 4, and 5.2 It will also addresses Strategic Objective 1 of the WFP Strategic Plan (2008-2013) - Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies; and Strategic Objective 3 - Restore and ebuild lives and livelihoods in post conflict, post disaster or transition.
Cameroon is a low-income, food deficit country (LIFDC). It has 16 million inhabitants, with an annual demographic growth rate of 2.8 percent. Cameroon is ranked 144th out of 177 countries in the 2007 Human Development Report....