After a decade of civil war and a three-year transition, Burundi held its first successful post-war democratic elections in August 2005. The political and security situation in the country remains unpredictable, with ongoing peace talks with the last rebel group Front national de libération – Palipehutu.
In 2009–2010, WFP will support the recovery process, work to mitigate the effects of the protracted crisis, and prepare for a hand-over of activities and for a shift to development and joint United Nations programming beyond 2010. WFP’s strategy is consistent with Millennium Development Goals 1–7, the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2006–2010) and the United Nations Integrated Framework for Peace Consolidation, which reflects government priorities in disarmament and reintegration, HIV and AIDS, restoration of basic services, improved food security and promotion of livelihoods.
Geographic and beneficiary targeting is based on a WFP secondary data analysis, the Food Security Monitoring System of WFP and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the recommendations of 2008 programme reviews. Adjustments will be made as required against the results of the September 2008 comprehensive food security and vulnerability analysis.
The new operation is in line with WFP’s Strategic Objectives 1–4.
Fifteen years of civil war since 1993, combined with extreme poverty, a fragile political process and recurrent climatic shocks, have had a strongly negative impact on Burundi’s economic and nutrition indicators.
Only 28 percent of the population is food-secure and as many as 60 percent are chronically malnourished....