The floods in Pakistan in July and August 2010 were the most severe in the country in living memory, with impact that varied across regions: flash floods in the mountainous north and parts of Balochistan were highly destructive; in Punjab and northern Sindh slower-onset flooding affected densely populated and cultivated areas; in lower Sindh, where soils were saturated, the impacts are expected to be longer-term. The Government estimated that 20 million people were affected: 1.1 million houses were destroyed or uninhabitable; 2 million hectares of crops were damaged or lost. Longer-term food security prospects are unpredictable. WFP is responding to the crisis through an emergency operation for 7.3 million people.
Militant extremism in Pakistan has exacted a heavy social and financial toll as the Government seeks to re-vitalize democratic institutions and strengthen the rule of law. Since late 2008, 3 million people have been displaced by conflict in the north-west, and the economy has faltered as insecurity erodes investors’ confidence.Economic instability, power shortages and high food and fuel prices have exacerbated the economic downturn, with unemployment increasing and wage rates unable to keep pace with inflation. Food security has declined, especially in frontier areas. There is a geographic overlap between extreme food insecurity and other forms of insecurity.
To ensure household food security and social stability, protracted relief and recovery operation 200145 aims to:
- save lives and avert hunger among internally displaced and other crisis-affected people (Strategic Objective 1);
- and restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods in post-crisis and transition situations among vulnerable groups affected by food insecurity and malnutrition (Strategic Objective 3).
The operation will support government disaster risk management capacities, particularly in emergency logistics and emergency food needs assessment. It contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 and is to be implemented in 23 districts in partnership with government counterparts, non-governmental organizations and United Nations agencies. The operation is designed to be flexible to adapt to changing realities and to shift from relief to recovery and vice versa. Cash transfers are planned where market conditions permit; they have already been piloted, with positive effects.
The operation will enable WFP to respond to immediate food needs, support recovery from multiple shocks and contribute to social cohesion. Its design enables incorporation of early recovery activities of the emergency operation, pending conclusion of a damage needs assessment led by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, and supported by the One UN team in Pakistan.
Pakistan continues to be subject to considerable socio-political, economic and environmental volatility, and in 2010 experienced its worst natural disaster in living memory to be followed yet again by torrential rain flooding in 2011....