This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 3 (see below).
Kenya hosts 370,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia and the Sudan, in Dadaab and Kakuma camps. The refugees have depended on WFP food assistance since 1991. Kenya’s 2007 Refugees Act prohibits refugees from engaging in economic activities outside the camps, which prevents integration into Kenyan society. Prospects for repatriation or resettlement in a third country are limited.
Events in Somalia and the Sudan resulted in 67,500 new asylum seekers in 2010. WFP anticipates a further 73,500 refugee arrivals in 2011 and predicts that the refugee population in Kenya will rise to 520,000 by 2014.
Following a government request for continued international support for refugees, and in line with the recommendations of the September 2010 joint assessment mission, WFP will continue food assistance for refugees in the camps. The operation will focus on relief and on ensuring that the special nutritional requirements of vulnerable groups are met.
Kenya is experiencing one of the worst droughts in recent years. Northern Kenya is particularly affected and the government has declared the drought in this region a national disaster. The poor March to May 2011 long rains, coming successively after the failed October to December 2010, have greatly undermined the food security situation in the country....