The Operation below has been modified as per Budget Revision 3 (see below)
Seventeen years of complex armed conflict have severely damaged the economy and infrastructure of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and exacerbated its precarious food security situation. Eighty percent of the population live below the poverty line,1 and high food prices have had a particularly significant impact on the most vulnerable.
This operation will respond to two main shocks: conflict in the east and Equateur regions; and the effects on the west of the 2008/09 financial crisis, which decimated the mining industry, resulting in unemployment and high levels of acute malnutrition. The 2009 joint nutrition surveys identified Kasai Occidental, Kasai Oriental, Maniema and Katanga provinces as particularly affected.
The operation will address WFP Strategic Objective 1 – Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies; 3 – Restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods in post-conflict, post-disaster or transition situations; and 5 – Strengthen the capacities of countries to reduce hunger, including through hand-over strategies and local purchase. The main relief activities will be general food distribution and treatment of malnutrition; increased emphasis will be put on early recovery, including nutrition interventions, school meals and asset rehabilitation. WFP will strengthen the Government’s capacity for policies and structures that address hunger. Food voucher interventions are being piloted in late 2010, and will be integrated into the operation through subsequent revisions, as relevant.
This operation contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1 – Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; 2 – Achieve universal primary education; and 4 – Reduce child mortality. It is consistent with the Government’s draft Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2011–2015), the Government’s and the United Nations’ stabilization plans for areas emerging from conflict in the east, and the evolving plan to support peace consolidation in the west of the country.
Since 1996, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been cursed by conflict, which has devastated and destabilised the country and claimed the lives of an estimated five million civilians....