This Project Docuement has been modified as per Budget Revision 1 (see below).
Sri Lanka is emerging from a prolonged conflict that has devastated physical infrastructure, severely damaged household coping strategies and destroyed livelihoods. Since the conflict ended in May 2009, attention has shifted to early recovery, but returnees face critical constraints including poor access to adequate food, lack of access to land owing to mines, destroyed infrastructure, and the absence of adequate shelter, basic services and livelihood support. Ensuring basic services, including adequate food, while building hope for a better future is essential to consolidating the peace.
This one-year protracted relief and recovery operation will focus on targeting humanitarian and early recovery needs in the north, while integrating a strong protection element to ensure that remaining internally displaced persons are adequately cared for until resettlement. WFP will respond to rapidly evolving needs by flexibly applying a range of instruments built on operational partnerships that support the integration of activities.
WFP will shift from an emphasis on relief for internally displaced persons to a more targeted approach supporting early recovery activities such as school feeding and nutrition interventions in the resettlement areas of the north. The operation will target 371,000 beneficiaries comprising internally displaced persons in camps, returnees and host communities. Returnees who resettled in 2007 and 2008 are in an advanced stage of recovery and will not be assisted.
The early recovery strategy will focus on restoring the agricultural assets of recently returned households, and will be linked to longer-term development initiatives. The priority will be to help people prepare for the next major harvest. A mother-and-child health and nutrition programme will be implemented through health centres, to provide essential nutritional support to the most vulnerable, and a school meals programme will complement nutritional inputs in the north. Vulnerability analysis and mapping will be central to obtaining and using food security and market information.
WFP support through the protracted relief and recovery operation will terminate when recovery is achieved. Conditions permitting, follow-up development interventions will be supported, leading up to or as part of the 2013 United Nations Development Assistance Framework. The hand-over strategy will focus on strengthening institutional systems and developing livelihoods at the community level to improve self-reliance.WFP assistance under the operation is in line with government and humanitarian planning priorities, WFP Strategic Objectives 1 and 3, and Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Sri Lanka, with a population of more than 20 million people, is a midde-income country struggling with the after effects of the recently ended 26-year civil war between the Government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)....