This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 1 (see below).
After a decade of civil conflict, Nepal stands at a critical juncture. Since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed in 2006, political instability continues and many of the underlying causes of the conflict persist. Delivery of basic services remains largely confined to urban centres and other relatively accessible areas. A widely anticipated peace dividend has not materialized, mainly because of delays in important aspects of the peace consolidation process.
Three and a half million people in Nepal are considered moderately to severely food-insecure – 40 percent more than two years ago. Political instability, changing climate patterns and sustained high food prices have exacerbated the difficult situation of the country’s most vulnerable people. Food prices in 2010 are even higher than in 2008, when global food prices rose sharply.1 Nepal now faces a grain deficit estimated at 316,500 mt, largely resulting from successive droughts. Frequent political strikes have crippled the delivery of services and goods, and weakened Nepal’s fragile economy. More than 250 days of road blockades were reported in 2009. This combination of shocks has forced the most vulnerable households to undertake negative and unsustainable coping measures to survive.
This protracted relief and recovery operation will provide food assistance to more than 1.2 million people suffering from the triple shock of drought, high food prices and continued political instability. WFP will implement food- and cash-for-asset schemes to create productive assets and restore/rebuild livelihoods, and nutrition interventions to reduce acute malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. It will transfer part of its food security monitoring system to the Government.The operation is consistent with recommendations from the country portfolio evaluation3 and in line with the Government’s three-year Interim Plan, which focuses on food security and nutrition. Activities are consistent with strategic objectives 1, 3 and 5 of the WFP Strategic Plan (2008–2013) and form a central element of WFP’s Nepal country strategy.
The operation will contribute to the United Nations’ peace support strategy, the United Nations Development Assistance Framework in Nepal and Millennium Development Goals 1, 3, 4 and 7.5