This operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 5 (see below)
Three consecutive years of major natural disasters, including floods, mudslides, landslides and droughts, have devastated the livelihoods of more than 700,000 people Bolivia. The most critical impact has been on subsistence farmers and indigenous people, already food-insecure, whose crops were ravaged for two to three years in succession. In 2008, those already struggling to meet their daily food and nutrient needs had the additional shock of unprecedented food price increases.
This protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) has been designed with a participatory approach involving the affected families, the Government, United Nations agencies and cooperating partners. It responds to a specific government request to support recovery actions and is in line with relevant national social protection and recovery strategies, including the Plan to Eradicate the Extreme Poverty, the Zero Malnutrition National Programme and the National Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Plan 2008-2010.
In line with WFP’s Strategic Objectives 2, 3 and 4, the operation’s objectives are to:
- support the re-establishment of livelihoods and food and nutrition security, and to strengthen resilience to shocks and adaptation to climate change in the most food-insecure communities through safety nets and asset creation;
- support education and nutrition/health safety nets for vulnerable groups, with special attention to pregnant and lactating women, children under 7 and primary school children; and
- strengthen the Government’s capacity to prepare for, assess and respond to emergencies.
The overall strategy includes a gradual hand-over to the Government’s social development programmes. The findings from the emergency food security assessment conducted in January 2009 provided the basis for the project design and geographical targeting. Data collected through this assessment also constitutes the baseline against which outcomes will be measured. The PRRO will be implemented in the Departments of Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba and Chuquisaca.
The PRRO contributes to United Nations Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 4, 5 and 7.
Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in Latin America: of its 9.5 million population, two thirds overall – 80 percent in rural areas – live below the poverty line.
Over the last ten years, stunting in children under 5 has remained at 27 percent nationally and 37 percent in rural areas, exceeding 40 percent in the most food-insecure muni...