An emerging superpower, India paradoxically tops the global hunger chart with 230 million undernourished people comprising more than 27 per cent of the world’s undernourished population. Indicating that food insecurity is a reality in India a new report, State of Food Insecurity in Rural India, jointly released by the UN World Food Programme and MS Swaminathan Research Foundation, reveals that while every third adult (aged 15 to 49 years) has a low BMI at less than 18.5, as many as 43 per cent children aged below five are underweight. India fares no better vis-à-vis its emerging peers on the food security front as the vast majority of the world’s undernourished people — 907 million — live in developing countries, according to the 2007 data reported by the State of Food Insecurity in the World. Of these, 65 per cent live in seven countries: India, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan and Ethiopia. On a comparative note, some countries in South-East Asia, like Thailand and Vietnam, have made good progress towards achieving the World Food Security target; others in South Asia and Central Asia have suffered setbacks in hunger reduction.