In July 2011, there was jubilation in South Sudan when the country become an independent nation. However, the challenges facing the world’s newest nation are immense in both scale and complexity.
South Sudan entered statehood as one of the most under-developed countries in the world. Some of the worst social indicators globally are found in the country, particularly among women. At least 80 percent of the population is income-poor, living on an equivalent of less than USD 1 per day. None of the public infrastructure required for growth is in place and State structures have only just been established and delivery systems across all sectors are either absent or dysfunctional.
Arguably the most fundamental concern facing the new nation is how to feed its people? Including, how to ensure an environment that can foster long term food security through peace and stability.