A comprehensive Food Security Assessment was conducted by United Nations Wolrd Food Programme together with GoSL covering the Northern and Eastern provinces of Sri Lanka. The Data collection of this assessment took place in March- April 2012. The report of this study has been finalized and available for users.
According to the findings, general food security has improved in the Northern and Eastern Provinces between 2011 and 2012 from an estimated 65 to 40 percent of the households being food insecure. The improvement in food security is attributed to: the reduction in poverty levels measured through expenditure as a proxy for income; the increased number of days’ consumption of protein rich foods; a change in the livelihood strategies; and a general increased agricultural production in 2012.
Despite this improvement, an estimated 1.1 million people require food assistance under different modalities. The households most affected by food insecurity are spread across all the eight districts assessed, but with high proportions of food insecure populations in Jaffna, Mullaitivu and Trincomalee districts. The study has found out that the existing food insecurity is associated with high under nutrition rates in the both provinces. According to the findings of the assessment, it is recommended to continue the food assistance for vulnerable households until they achieve sustainable livelihoods. Further the pregnant and lactating mothers should receive notorious food.