The Evaluation of the Emergency Operation in Sudan examines its relevance and result. It focuses on Darfur. The evaluation was conducted by three independent evaluators with fieldwork taking place in Sudan in March 2010. It found the operation was relevant to affected people and general food distribution was appropriate to circumstances in 2009. It was also efficient, incurring a lower cost per metric ton compared with other modalities that would also have required more skills from cooperating partners. The operation reached almost 100 percent of its beneficiaries: a major achievement given the difficult operating context, the expulsion of cooperating partners and a funding shortfall of 22 percent. The operation’s effectiveness was difficult to determine: corporate indicators had already been met by the time it was approved. The operation, the largest in Darfur, gives WFP a central role among its partners and enabled the affected population, particularly internally displaced persons, to engage in livelihood options that are less risky than those they would otherwise have had.