This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 2 (see below).
The Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to suffer from armed conflict, massive population displacement – 2.6 million people have been displaced since 2009, predominantly in the east – and a persistent economic crisis.
The national capacity to respond to crises is reduced by weak governance and corruption. Despite great agricultural potential and plentiful resources, 70 percent of the country’s 73.6 million people remain poor, and 6.4 million are acutely food-insecure. Global acute malnutrition ranges from 6.5 percent to 14.9 percent, well over the 15 percent threshold in some areas. The prevalence of stunting averages 40 percent. Net primary school enrolment is 75 percent, with significant disparities among provinces and between urban and rural areas; areas with large population displacements have the highest percentages of out-of-school children. Determinants of food insecurity include poverty, lack of infrastructure, poor utilization of food and limited access to markets.
Markets in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo are well integrated and supplied with a variety of foods throughout the year, indicating the potential for using cash and voucher transfers. In line with a country strategy review in 2012, the objectives of this protracted relief and recovery operation are to:
provide life-saving food assistance for internally displaced people and refugees in crisis-affected areas (Strategic Objective 1);
reduce the prevalence of acute malnutrition through nutrition support for children aged 6–59 months and to pregnant and lactating women (Strategic Objective 1);
facilitate access to markets and education, and provide nutrition services for returnees, refugees and food-insecure communities to support early recovery (Strategic Objective 3)
increase the resilience of severely food-insecure communities against further shocks (Strategic Objective 2); and
enhance national capacities to design and manage food and nutrition programmes and disaster preparedness (Strategic Objective 5).
These objectives support the Government’s poverty reduction strategy (2011–2015) and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2013–2017), and contribute to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 4 and 6.
The Democratic Republic of Congo continues to suffer the consequences of armed conflict, massive population displacement and a persistent economic crisis. After years of weak governance, corruption and loss of state authority, the Government faces huge challenges in alleviating poverty and in preventing and responding to humanitarian emergencies....