The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small landlocked country in South Asia, located at the eastern end of the Himalayas and bordered to the south, east and west by the Republic of India and to the north by the People's Republic of China.
Bhutan's economy is based on agriculture, forestry, tourism and the sale of hydroelectric power to India. Agriculture provides the main livelihood for more than 80 percent of the population. Agrarian practices consist largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry.
The country’s development philosophy stresses the achievement of equitable and sustainable development (Gross National Happiness) over economic growth. From the beginning, particular emphasis was placed on human development. However, close to one-third of the population suffers from food insecurity and it depends on imports for 34 percent of its cereal needs. 23.2% of the population live below the national poverty line of Nu.1, 096 (2008) (US$ 23.5) per person per month.
Although much has been achieved in education sector, Bhutan still has challenges to overcome. Some districts have a net primary enrollment rate significantly below the national average. That poverty is mainly a rural phenomenon reflects itself in the fact that rural enrolment is on an average 25% lower compared to urban areas.
Another very important concern is the malnutrition situation in the country. According to the National Nutrition and Infant and Young Child Feeding study (2009) it was found that the level of national prevalence was 37 percent for stunting, 11.1 percent for underweight and 4.6 percent for wasting
Bhutan is also prone to natural disasters, especially during the rainy season and access roads to remote areas may be closed for up to half the year.
The eastern and southern regions of Bhutan are the most vulnerable to food insecurity.