WFP works with the Government of Ghana to implement a development programme focusing on education, nutrition and climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. An emergency programme for Ivorian refugees is also underway.
School meals: In the deprived northern regions, WFP helps the Government of Ghana to serve daily cooked meals to 150,000 primary school children, increasing enrolment and improving concentration among students. In addition, WFP provides take-home food rations for girls, giving families additional incentive to send their girls to school in areas where attendance is low; some 30,000 girls in junior high school currently benefit from this programme. In collaboration with the Ghana Education Service, a scholarship programme has also been instituted to help bright but financially-needy girls who graduate from WFP-assisted junior high schools to complete their secondary education. In addition to these programmes, WFP provides technical support to the Ghana School Feeding Programme, including monitoring, evaluation and policy development assistance.
Nutrition: WFP provides nutritious food supplements to pregnant and nursing women, chronically malnourished children under the age of two, children under the age of five suffering from moderate acute malnutrition and people living with HIV on anti-retroviral therapy. In addition, WFP Ghana hosts national and international coordinators of the REACH initiative (Renewed Efforts Against Child Hunger), a UN inter-agency consortium working with government and non-government partners to improve nutrition governance and management. WFP is also the UN agency mandated to assist the consortium of civil society organizations working with the government on the Scaling-Up Nutrition (SUN) movement.
Resilience: WFP builds resilience of communities in Ghana through asset creation activities and training to promote sustainable livelihoods. In districts and communities looking to improve their infrastructure, WFP supports projects by providing food in exchange for work. Typical projects include rehabilitation and restoration of dug-outs and small dams, tree planting and reforestation. In addition, food security and nutrition sentinel sites have been established in five of Ghana’s ten administrative regions to alert officials to potential hunger hotspots.
Emergency operation: An emergency operation began in August 2011 to provide food to Ivorian refugees after the 2010 election crisis in Côte d’Ivoire. Eight thousand Ivoirian asylum seekers currently reside in three refugee camps (Egyeikrom in the Central Region, Ampain in the Western Region and Fetentaa in the Brong-Ahafo Region) and receive monthly food rations from WFP.
Purchase for Progress (P4P): The P4P initiative aims to address some of the major constraints smallholder farmers face, including low productivity, significant post-harvest losses, poor market infrastructure and inadequate access to markets. To date, 1,524 smallholder farmers in 26 maize, rice and cowpea farmer organizations in the Ashanti and Northern Regions have been trained in business and organizational development. These farmers have also gained access to basic farming equipment such as weighing scales, rice threshers and reapers, and moister content testers. WFP has purchased a total of 3,000 megatons of maize worth US$ 1.3 million since 2011, providing an important market for farmers.
Local Procurement: WFP Ghana buys a minimum of 60 percent of its food needs from surplus production areas in the country, which is then redistributed in food-insecure regions. Over the past five years, WFP has purchased US$23 million worth of food from local suppliers, food manufacturers and smallholder farmers. Upon request, food is also bought for neighbouring countries.
United Nations Humanitarian Response Depot: Ghana hosts one of five United Nations Humanitarian Response Depots in the world. The depot stores and pre-positions emergency supplies and support equipment. Since its establishment, the depot has helped to reduce costs and improve users’ emergency response time. Managed by WFP but serving the broader humanitarian community, the UNHRD is used by most of the African continent. Dispatches have gone to several emergency operations in Africa, and others have reached as far as Haiti.
Logistics Intervention Fleet: This centrally-pooled fleet of trucks is on hand for immediate dispatch to regional emergencies. It was established to improve the region’s response capacity and eliminate the need for capital investments each time an emergency occurs. The fleet is composed of surplus assets from country offices throughout the region. Ghana’s strategic geographic location within the West Africa sub-region makes it ideal for dispatches to various parts of the region.