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3 June 2013

Dans de nombreuses zones du Sénégal, la campagne agricole 2011/2012 a été déficitaire en termes de production. 36% pour les céréales et 59% pour les arachides. Ce qui s'est traduit par une prévalence de l'insécurité alimentaire de l'ordre de 51%. En Casamance, on a enregistré une prévalence supérieure à 80%. Concernant cette région, il faut ajouter les effets des troubles politico-militaires : déplacements de populations, champs et plantations désertés à cause des mines.


27 May 2013

Le village de Fayil se trouve dans la communauté rurale de Diouroup, qui fait partie département de Fatick au Sénégal. Fayil compte une population de 6472 âmes. Le village est inséré dans la vallée de Fayil. Une position qui permet l'agriculture et le maraîchage, principalement de la riziculture. Voilà, pour la théorie. Car, dans la pratique, les terres cultivables sont envahies par la langue salée du Sine. Pour cultiver, les habitants des villages de Fayil, Dioral, Ndioudiouf et Sowane étaient obligés d'aller ailleurs pour avoir des terres. Il fallait donc faire quelque chose.
En 2009, ont commencé les travaux de construction d'une digue anti-sel. Ce qui a permis de récupérer des terres et renouer avec la pratique de la riziculture interrompue, il y a maintenant quarante ans.


27 May 2013

Keur Mandongo est à une cinquantaine de kilomètres de Kaolack au Sénégal. L'école élémentaire de ce village fait partie des 3 050 établissements dont la cantine scolaire bénéficie de l'appui du Programme alimentaire mondial. Il faut d'abord imaginer la situation d'une école sans cantine. Les enfants font des trajets de 4 à 5 kilomètres à pied pour venir. A midi, soit ils font l'aller et retour pour déjeuner à la maison, soit ils restent en classe le ventre vide. A terme, il y a échec scolaire ou même abandon de la scolarité. Pour faire face, le Pam fournit à ces établissements des céréales, des légumineuses, de l'huile et du sel iodé. Dans le prolongement de cette action, le PAM assiste les villages qui veulent créer un jardin communautaire pour alimenter la cantine de leur école. C'est le cas de l'école élémentaire de Keur Mandongo.


15 April 2013

Democratic, stable, fertile Senegal used to be a rare success story in Africa. It could feed its people and even export surplus food. But last year, almost one million people needed emergency food aid as the harvest failed across much of west Africa. (..) Only rapid intervention by international agencies averted a crisis. The EU stumped up more than €100 million for the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP), which distributed aid and cash vouchers to the worst-affected communities across west Africa. However, the fear of a repeat this year is strong. So what happened to destroy its rich soil and beggar its farmers? (..) “The rains have become extremely erratic. They start early, finish late, and there are long spells without any rain,” explains Inge Breuer, country representative of the WFP. (..) Conscious of the challenge, agencies such as the WFP are adopting new approaches to tackle the effects of climate change.


14 February 2013

Up to 10 million people across the Sahel region are at risk of food insecurity in 2013 and 1 million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition, according to the United Nations. The U.N. regional humanitarian coordinator for the Sahel, David Gressly, talks to AlertNet about preventing malnutrition, building resilience and other priorities for the region this year. He says getting the money for these activities is likely to be a challenge – without a drought being the rallying point for raising funds.


21 December 2012

Despite good rains across much of the Sahel this year, 1.4 million children are expected to be malnourished - up from one million in 2012, according to the 2013 Sahel regional strategy. (..) But humanitarians worry of donor fatigue and many are concerned possible military intervention in Mali will distract donors from the chronic food insecurity and malnutrition crises in the region. (..) Alain Cordeil, head of the World Food Programme (WFP) in Mauritania, voiced his fears. “If we only have political interest from donors for refugees, we will not solve the problems for this region…This could be very chaotic,” he told IRIN.


20 November 2012

As this year's emergency winds down, the question on aid workers' minds is, "How can the Sahel break from its recurring cycle of food crises?" U.N. Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, David Gressly, said now is the time to end chronic food insecurity. Aid agencies say they are working to build the "resilience" of the most vulnerable communities, but more needs to be done. (..) Aid agencies also say that prevention is cheaper than treatment.


17 September 2012

The growing regularity of droughts across the Sahel region has left millions in need of emergency food assistance, the UN humanitarian food agency announced today, while also warning that malnutrition was still rampant in Senegal, Chad, Niger and Mauritania. A spokesperson for the World Food Programme (WFP), Elisabeth Byrs, told reporters in Geneva that the UN agency already assisted six million people in the Sahel during the month of July – but cautioned that humanitarian needs still remained “huge” ahead of the October harvest.


11 June 2012

Farmers are finding that restoring soils with trees boosts crops in a region where drought has caused successive food crises. (..) Donors are anxious to curb the food crises that are striking at ever narrowing intervals – in the Sahel in 2005, 2010 and 2012. "Building the resilience of communities by strengthening their agricultural practices is essential," says the UN World Food Programme deputy regional director for west Africa, Claude Jibidar. Aware of FMNR's ability to build resilience, the WFP is giving food for work to 5,000 FMNR farmers in Kaffrine (Senegal).


21 May 2012

The UN World Food Programme launched the distribution of cash vouchers for the purchase of food in Senegal's Ziguinchor region, for people hit by poor harvests and high food prices. (..) "Our objective is to assist 145,000 people with cash vouchers in the most vulnerable rural and urban communities where food is available in the local markets but people cannot afford it," said WFP Senegal Country Director Ingeborg Maria Breuer.