Overview

The country is the poorest in the Commonwealth of Independent States, with 47.2 percent of the population living on less than US$1.33 a day and 17 percent subsisting on less than US$0.85 a day. Tajikistan ranks 125 out of the 187 countries on the UNDP's 2012 Human Development Index. The majority of the population spends between 60 to 80 percent of their income on food. Access to food is a major challenge, with around one-third of the population affected by food insecurity. Tajikistan is a landlocked, low-income, food-deficit country with a population of approximately 7.5 million. The percentage of arable land in the country is barely 7 percent and three-quarters of the population live in rural areas. The rugged, mountainous terrains pose enormous challenges for people, especially during the winter when bad weather and natural disasters impede movement and routinely trigger energy and food shortages.

The country is the poorest in the Commonwealth of Independent States, with 47.2 percent of the population living on less than US$1.33 a day and 17 percent subsisting on less than US$0.85 a day. Tajikistan ranks 125 out of the 187 countries on the UNDP's 2012 Human Development Index. The majority of the population spends between 60 to 80 percent of their income on food. Access to food is a major challenge, with around one-third of the population affected by food insecurity.

In recent years, remittances flow to Takjikistan -- mostly from workers in the Russian Federation -- has increased to almost 50 percent of the GDP. Remittances are the main source of income for almost 55 percent of rural households. While remittances represent an important contribution to the country´s economic growth, they are also the last resort for poverty-stricken rural families who are unable to survive on more sustainable livelihoods. Although the direct impact of the global financial crisis has been limited as Tajikistan is not integrated into global markets, the indirect consequences have been serious with reduced global prices and a decreasing demant for the country's main export commodities; aluminium and cotton.

WFP's activities in Tajikistan are aligned with the organization's strategic objectives as well as the United Nations Development Assistance Framework, the Government of Tajikistan's Poverty Reduction Strategy and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals; eradication of poverty and hunger, universal primary education and the promotion of gender equality.

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Country at a glance 2014
Planned Beneficiaries463,750
Beneficiary needs (mt)18,018
Beneficiary needs ($US)17,229,821