According to the November 2013 IPC round in Afghanistan, two provinces, Badakhshan and Ghor, are classified as facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) conditions. Approximately 28% of Afghanistan’s population is understood as experiencing Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity. Some 8% of the population is in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) conditions.
Recent shocks – particularly natural disasters, extreme weather, conflict, insecurity and animal disease – increased the prevalence of acute food insecurity in a number of provinces. The situation is expected to worsen in the first quarter of 2014 as a result of winter conditions and the blockage of roads in certain provinces. Market prices are expected to increase seasonally, while food availability will remain an issue. Bamyan and Daykundi provinces are expected to shift from Phase 3 to 4 because of poor weather, inadequate food availability and poor access to markets.
The cumulative impact of staple food price changes on the cost of the basic food basket from October to December 2013 was moderate.
The current average price of wheat grain is 5.9% above January 2013 and 15.9% above the 5-year average. Compared to January 2013, the retail price of wheat flour was lower by 4.5%, while standing 12.6% above the 5-year average. The current average retail price of Rice (Low Quality) is 4.8% lower than January 2013 and while being 23.3% above the 5-year average.