Country Programme 200163 (2011 - 2015)
The Country Programme (CP) currently has two main activities: a school feeding programme for all children in the Sahel Region; and nutritional and food assistance to undernourished people living with HIV as well as vulnerable children orphaned by AIDS.
Under the school feeding component, all primary and pre-school children in the Sahel Region, where the enrollment rate is below the national average, are targeted as beneficiaries for the school meals programme. In addition, girls in the last two years of primary school with an attendance rate of above 80 percent receive take-home rations of 10 kilograms of cereals as an added incentive to families to keep their girls in school.
The objectives of the school feeding programme are to increase enrolment, attendance and gender parity rates in the targeted primary schools. The support for primary education component support the Government's goals of universal primary education by 2020 and improved quality of education. This component also has the overarching goal of enhancing the government's school feeding programme.
Undernourished anti-retroviral therapy (ART) clients and OVC receive nutritional and food assistance in five towns across Burkina Faso where the HIV prevalence is elevated - Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Ouahigouya, Dedougou, and Gaoua. Based on a medical examination, undernourished ART clients receive a voucher, which they then submit to one of WFP's civil society partners in order to retrieve monthly food assistance.
The objectives of the HIV nutrition programme are to improve the nutritional recovery and adherence to treatment of people living with HIV and to protect orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) from food and nutrition insecurity.
The CP also aims to support the production of locally fortified flours. In 2013, WFP worked with the Government to revise the norms for these products to be in line with WFP's own norms.
Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation 200509 (2013 - 2014)
Following the food and nutrition crisis in 2012, this PRRO, which started in April 2013, was designed to respond to the chronically high levels of malnutrition in the country, exacerbated by the crisis, as well as to support the recovery of vulnerable households and to strengthen their resilience to future shocks.
The activities of the project fall into two main categories: nutrition and food security. Nutrition activities include moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment and prevention as well as take-home rations for caretakers of children receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The food security activities include Cash for Assets (CFA) and Cash for Training (CFT) activities.
While the activities largely fall into the categories of nutrition and food security, both contribute to the ability of households to withstand future shocks. Lower levels of malnutrition amongst children aged 6 - 59 months as well as pregnant and lactating women (PLW) render these vulnerable groups better able to respond to shocks such as drought that have a severe impact on food insecurity.
Targeted supplementary feeding (TSF) activities currently covers seven regions - Boucle de Mouhoun, Centre-East, Centre-North, Centre-West, North, East and Sahel. TSF assistance is provided to children aged 6-59 months as well as PLW with moderate acute malnutrition.
Caretakers of children receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition receive assistance in six out of the seven regions covered by TSF, allowing caretakers to remain in specialized treatment centres with the children. This activity is not carried out in the Sahel Region as NGOs are already implementing it.
In 2013, blanket supplementary feeding took place in six regions of the country - Sahel, North, East, Centre West, Centre North and Centre East - in order to prevent a deterioration in the malnutrition status of children aged 6-23 months. The same activity is planned for 2014.
In the same six regions, Cash for Assets was carried out to improve food security through the creation of assets that increase communities' agricultural productivity and reduce their vulnerability to shocks. Poor and very poor households are targeted. Assets are decided based on what would be both most beneficial to the community and feasible to implement. Cash for Training takes place in the same regions.
Regional Emergency Operation 200438
In response to the influx of Malian refugees, and given the regional implications of the Mali conflict, in June 2012, WFP launched a regional emergency operation addressing the needs of refugees in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger and responding to the needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali. Since their arrival in Burkina Faso, WFP has provided Malian refugees with a monthly ration made up of cereals, supercereal, pulses, oil and salt, ensuring a daily intake of 2,100 calories.
The EMOP's specific objectives are to: (i) prevent a deterioration in the food security status of Malian IDPs and refugees through targeted food distributions and/or cash transfers; (ii) prevent deterioration of acute malnutrition among children aged 6-23 months from IDP and refugee populations through blanket supplementary feeding; and (iii) treat moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children aged 6-59 months and PLW through targeted supplementary feeding.
The majority of refugees in Burkina Faso are in the Sahel Region; the rest are located in the Saag-Nioniogo site, 20 kilometers outside of Ouagadougou or living in the town of Bobo-Dioulasso in south-western Burkina Faso. In the Sahel Region, there are two main official sites while some refugees remain in unofficial sites with smaller populations.
Starting in January 2014, general cash/food distributions are only carried out at the official sites of Goudebou, Mentao and Saag-Nioniogo and in the urban centre of Bobo-Dioulasso. Refugees who have chosen to remain in the unofficial sites in the Sahel Region or outside of any site are able to retrieve their rations at the official sites. Refugees receive combined rations of food and cash. The cash transfers allow refugees to purchase items such as milk and meat in addition to the rice, pulses, oil, Supercereal and salt they receive from WFP.
Nutrition activities are currently only carried out at the Goudebou site, where a SMART survey in February 2013 found the global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate to extremely elevated at 24.5 percent.
WFP also carries out emergency school feeding for primary school children at the Goudebou and Mentao sites in the Sahel Region.
WFP is working to connect farmers in Burkina Faso to markets through the Purchase for Progress initiative; Burkina Faso has been chosen to be among the 21 pilot countries. The five-year pilot project links WFP’s demand for staple commodities to farmers producing food surpluses, and allows the latter to sell their products at market price through the expertise and the support of their respective farmers’ organizations.
Following the end of the initial pilot phase (2009-2013), 2014 is a transition year for P4P, focusing on evaluations and lessons learned. Following an evaluation, a project document covering the 2015-2019 period will be prepared. Both capacity building trainings and food purchases will continue to be made through P4P – in 2014, the target for food purchases is 4,000 MT with a target number of 10,000 smallholder farmers.