19 October 2014
This report synthesizes findings of evaluations conducted between July 2013 and July 2014, covering 12 operations with a combined planned value of USD 3 billion (totaling over USD 1.7 billion funded), which targeted 14.3 million beneficiaries a year, were of varying types, durations and sizes and implemented in diverse settings.
The evaluations found all operations cohered well with national and sector policy frameworks. WFP is directly influencing policy and strategy formulation, and increasingly engaging in joint programming. WFP delivered broadly relevant food assistance, with most operations appropriate to overall needs; however, insufficient differentiation in the analysis and planning of some operations compromised planning for specific beneficiary needs. Results were inadequately documented, particularly at the outcome level, mainly because of weak monitoring systems. Evaluations revealed that the full extent of WFP’s achievements – and under-achievements – is not currently reflected in reporting systems. General food distribution, school feeding and nutrition activities delivered well against coverage targets, with weaker performance in food assistance for assets. Evidence found that WFP served beneficiaries with less food than planned, however. Gender sensitivity was limited.
At the outcome level, WFP made most progress under Strategic Objective (SO) 1 - saving lives. Only limited data were available on SO2 (preventing acute hunger and investing in disaster preparedness and mitigation) and SO5 (capacity-development). Assessment of efficiency and sustainability was shallow; few operations were characterized as generally efficient or potentially sustainable.
External factors affecting results include WFP’s complex operating terrain and funding. Internal factors are symptomatic of an organization in transition, progressing in introducing changes, but with business processes needing to adapt. The lessons presented in this synthesis report aim to support WFP as it becomes increasingly fit for purpose.
12 May 2014
The popularity of school feeding programs make it imperative that we answer basic questions about the effectiveness of these programs. Do they boost enrollment and if so, are take-home rations as good as offering in-school meals? A proper lunch can ward off hunger, but is it enough to make up for years of nutritional deprivation? Children who aren’t hungry can focus better in school—does this mean they will do better in their classes? The answers are critical if we want to create effective development programs.
12 May 2014
This paper uses a prospective randomized trial to assess the impact of two school feeding schemes on health and education outcomes for children from low-income households in northern rural Burkina Faso. The two school feeding programs under consideration are, on the one hand, school meals where students are provided with lunch each school day, and, on the other hand, take-home rations that provide girls with 10 kg of cereal flour each month, conditional on 90 percent attendance rate. After running for one academic year, both programs increased girls' enrollment by 5 to 6 percentage points.
8 May 2014
This summary presents the findings and implications from the three country-studies which were jointly undertaken by the World Bank, IFPRI and the World Food Programme on School Feeding Programmes in Burkina Faso, Uganda and Lao PDR between 2005 and 2008. The cases of Burkina Faso and Laos provide significant evidence on the positive impacts of school feeding on the policy-claimed objectives of education, nutrition and gender. The impact evaluation in Lao PDR shows how empirical research can help to identify the major challenges at policy level and to improve the design and implementation of school feeding programmes in the field.
5 February 2014
The evaluation covers the operation Regional EMOP 200438 Assistance to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Affected by Insecurity in Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Niger (2012-2013). It was intended for both accountability and learning and focuses on assessing: i) the appropriateness and coherence of the operation; ii) its results; and iii) the factors explaining the results.
The evaluation assessed the nutritional support to refugees and internally displaced persons delivered throughout: general food distribution; cash and food for assets; nutritional support to children under five, pregnant and lactating women; supplementary feeding to infants aged 6-59 months; and school feeding.
The evaluation, which makes a number of recommendations for the future, was managed and conducted by a consultancy firm, with fieldwork taking place in 2014.
5 February 2014
The mid-term evaluation covers WFP’s country programme (CP) 200163 (2011-2015). It was intended for both accountability and learning and focuses on assessing: i) the appropriateness and coherence of the operation; ii) its results; and iii) the factors explaining the results.
The evaluation assessed the following activities: school feeding, nutritional support to children under five, pregnant and lactating women and HIV/TB patients, cash and food for assets, local purchase and support to local production of fortified foods as well as capacity development. The evaluation, which makes a number of recommendations for the future, was managed and conducted by a consultancy firm, with fieldwork taking place in January/February 2014.
- 6 December 2013 In Burkina Faso, School Meals Raise Enrolment, Improve Nutrition