Publications
Nutrition
9 July 2014

Malnutrition in Cambodia: the hidden problem that costs up to US$400 million annually.

There are currently 5 million undernourished Cambodian citizens. A study released in December 2013 by the Council for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD), WFP and UNICEF reveals that malnutrition costs between US$250 million and US$400 million annually or 1.5% to 2.5% of Cambodia’s total annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

"The Economic Consequences of Malnutrition in Cambodia: A Damage Assessment Report" finds that:

  • Most of the projected economic burden is associated with chronic malnutrition (stunting) and micronutrient deficiencies.
  • Malnutrition among mothers and young children may contribute to approximately 30% of child mortality in Cambodia (60,000 deaths) over the next decade.
  • Poor breastfeeding practices as well as vitamin A and zinc deficiencies cause up to 2.5 million annual cases of childhood diarrhea and respiratory infections with a significant cost to the health care system and individual families.
  • More than 60% of children with anemia or with less than normal height or weight suffer from deficits in mental and physical development and perform poorly in school. The resulting lower productivity and income deficit could impact the economy by up to US$180 million per year.
  • More than 3.3 million working age adults suffering from anemia and chronic weakness could impact labor output by an estimated US$138 million.
Food for Assets, Nutrition, School Meals
19 June 2014

Interested in learning more about our programmes in Cambodia? Check out the following Fact Sheets to help you understand our work in the country:

Nutrition
16 November 2012

Poor nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life – from the womb to two years of age – can lead to irreversible damage to children’s minds and bodies. The World Food Programme in Asia is targeting its food assistance to make sure that children and adults get the right food, at the right time, in the right place.

Emergencies, Food for Assets, General Food Distribution, Nutrition, School Meals
20 May 2011

 The Annual Evaluation Report for 2010 focuses on operational issues arising from evaluations of country portfolios and operations, and impact evaluations of selected school feeding programmes.

The findings reaffirm WFP’s corporate areas of strength in responding to emergencies under the most difficult circumstances and in providing school feeding, as one of the Programme’s flagship programmes. However, impact evaluations of these programmes also showed the importance of implementing school feeding in cooperation with partners who invest in education sector improvements. Areas where largest improvements can be made relate to food-for-work, where funding often is curtailed and thus strategic objectives moved beyond reach, and nutrition where the ambiguous objectives and small size of programmes make it difficult to demonstrate results.

Nutrition, School Meals
5 January 2011

This is the second of a series of evaluations of the impact of WFP school feeding.  In the past ten years WFP school feeding has achieved its aim of supporting primary education by contributing to increased enrolment, attendance and promotion and to reduced drop-out rates in Cambodia. The school feeding programme had marked effects on nutrition and value transfers to households, but the school meals programme and take-home rations affected education, nutrition and value transfer in different ways.  Certain factors limited the positive effects, however.  The Cambodia programme functioned effectively and was well organized, the evaluation presents aspects that could be reinforced to make interventions more effective and sustainable.

Nutrition, School Meals
5 January 2011

This is the second of a series of evaluations of the impact of WFP school feeding.  In the past ten years WFP school feeding has achieved its aim of supporting primary education by contributing to increased enrolment, attendance and promotion and to reduced drop-out rates in Cambodia. The school feeding programme had marked effects on nutrition and value transfers to households, but the school meals programme and take-home rations affected education, nutrition and value transfer in different ways.  Certain factors limited the positive effects, however.  The Cambodia programme functioned effectively and was well organized, the evaluation presents aspects that could be reinforced to make interventions more effective and sustainable.