WFP’s activities in Cameroon have three main components: supporting the basic education and enrolment of girls in school, promoting food security and rural development, and improving the nutritional status of the moderately acute malnourished children and pregnant and nursing women. In 2013, WFP Cameroon responded to food insecurity and malnutrition concerns through relief, recovery and development operations (including an Emergency Operation, a Country Programme and a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation) in the eastern and the northern regions of the country.
Emergency Operation (EMOP)
WFP has been carrying out an Emergency Operation since April 2012, providing food and nutrition assistance to more than 300,000 people affected by the Sahel drought crisis and subsequent flooding that plagued northern regions. The Emergency Operation aimed to: improve the food consumption of people affected by drought through general food distributions; reduce the prevalence of acute malnutrition among children ages 6-59 months and malnourished pregnant and nursing women through targeted supplementary feeding; and prevent acute malnutrition among chronic malnourished children ages 6-23 months and pregnant and nursing women through blanket supplementary feeding. The operation was later extended to include around 25,000 people affected by the floods in the North and Far-North regions. Due to persisting needs, WFP continued the provision of food and nutrition assistance to the most vulnerable populations throughout 2013.
Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO)
In addition to domestic issues, Cameroon has received refugees from several neighboring countries, including Chad, Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria. Security deteriorated in these countries during 2013 due to the escalating conflict in Central African Republic and insecurities in Nigeria, increasing the number of refugees in Cameroon. WFP is assisting these populations through a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation. This operation, launched in October 2013, and will incorporate both the old PRRO and the EMOP, providing long-term assistance to refugees and populations in the North and Far North regions affected by recurrent climatic shocks. In addition to providing food and nutrition assistance, the operation will focus on asset-building activities that will improve community self-sufficiency and resistance to future shocks. The operations consist of two main components:
1. A relief package providing general food distributions to vulnerable CAR and Nigerian refugees as well as nutritional assistance to refugees and host populations;
2. Disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change through Food for Assets activities.
Country Programme (CP)
The Country Programme focuses on assistance to the North and Far-North regions, where frequent climate shocks have left the population trapped in a vicious cycle of hunger and poverty. An estimated 615,000 people do not have adequate access to food, and approximately 10 percent of children suffer from acute malnutrition.
The Country Programme is based on three key components. First, WFP plans to provide school meals to 55,000 students in 250 primary schools annually, with a special emphasis on girls. This part of the program targets rural areas and looks to reduce hunger and encourage children to attend class, with the ultimate goal of turning the programme over to the government. The Country Programme’s second component focuses on improving the resilience of communities. To achieve this aim, WFP will work to improve grain storage capacity of communities, establishing community granaries and training communities in effective food storage techniques. This program, which will help carry families through the pre-harvest lean season, will benefit 107,500 people on average annually, with the help of an annual contribution of 1,000 metric tons from the Government. Fifty grain storage facilities will be implemented each year. Through its final component, the Country Programme will look to reduce and prevent malnutrition in the North and Far-North through the provision of high-quality nutritious food. This portion of the program will serve18,300 children under five and 6,300 pregnant and nursing women per year.