Following an upsurge in violence and population displacement in the Central African Republic (December 2013), food insecurity is rising in Bangui and in rural areas. Findings from a Multi- sector/cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) that was carried out in Bangui and in provinces of the North West indicate a decline in food consumption, a reduction in the quality of meals, while prospects for the 2014 crop are uncertain.
The population will rely on humanitarian assistance or market purchases until the next harvest in mid-2014. However, high levels of insecurity since December 2013 have made humanitarian access unpredictable. Moreover, the conflict’s impacts on trade and commerce and household assets are reducing the population’s ability to earn income, and food prices across the country have increased substantially due to disrupted transportation and markets. In December 2013, prices increased by 35-40% for oil, sugar and milk and by 15-25% for cassava and maize.
In light of all this, it is expected that the CAR’s food insecure population will increase further in size during the coming months. IPC analysis carried out prior to December 2013 estimated CAR’s food insecure population at 1.3 million (IPC Phase 3 and 4).